Insulation World Kenya Limited is the leading supplier of Sulphuric Acid in Nairobi, Kenya.
Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive and strong mineral acid with the chemical formula H2SO4. It is a dense, colorless, odorless, and viscous liquid that is soluble in water and is one of the most widely used chemicals in industry. Sulfuric acid is used in the production of fertilizers, dyes, detergents, and other industrial chemicals. It is also used as a laboratory reagent and in the processing of metals and ores. Sulfuric acid is known for its ability to react violently with many substances, and it should be handled with extreme care.
Sulphuric acid is the British spelling and Sulfuric acid is the American spelling of the mineral acid. The molecular formula for the compound is H2SO4. It is also known as dihydrogen sulphate, oil of vitriol, mattling acid, battery acid, dipping acid, acide sulfurique, or electrolyte acid just to mention a few. It appears as a colourless to dark brown oily liquid, depending on purity, which is odourless and soluble in water.
Some of the applications of Sulphuric acid include:
- It is applied in the manufacture of fertilizers.
- It is applied in the manufacture of explosives.
- It is applied in the manufacture of dyestuff.
- It is applied in the refining of petroleum.
- It is applied in the processing of ores.
- It is applied in the manufacture of paper for parchment.
- It is applied in the manufacture of batteries.
- It is applied in the leather industry.
- It is applied in the printing and jewellery making industries.
- It is applied as a desiccant for potatoes, bulbs, and flax in some countries.
- It is applied as a sanitizer in food processing and dairy facilities.
- It is applied in the manufacture of glue.
- It is applied in the production of phosphoric acid and other fertilizers.
- It is applied in the production of some pharmaceuticals.
- It is applied in the production of cellulosic fibres and plastics.
- It is used to treat metal surfaces by removing impurities such as rust and stains from ferrous metals (pickling of metal).
- It is applied as a dehydrating agent.
- It is applied in the titration f bases.
- It is applied in copper leaching.
Handling sulfuric acid requires caution and careful adherence to safety protocols.
- Personal protective equipment (PPE): Always wear appropriate PPE, such as gloves, safety goggles, a lab coat, and a face shield, to protect your skin, eyes, and clothing from contact with the acid.
- Ventilation: Use sulfuric acid in a well-ventilated area or under a fume hood to avoid inhaling harmful vapors.
- Storage: Store sulfuric acid in a cool, dry, and secure location, away from incompatible chemicals and sources of heat.
- Dilution: Always add sulfuric acid to water, not water to sulfuric acid, to prevent dangerous exothermic reactions.
- Handling: Use appropriate handling techniques, such as carrying the container with two hands, to avoid spills or drops.
- Emergency procedures: Know the location of emergency equipment, such as an eyewash station and a safety shower, and be familiar with the appropriate first aid procedures in case of accidental exposure.
- Disposal: Dispose of sulfuric acid safely, in accordance with local regulations and guidelines.
It is essential to receive proper training before handling sulfuric acid, and to consult Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for specific safety information and precautions.