Insulation World Kenya Limited is the leading supplier of Triethanolamine in Nairobi, Kenya.
Triethanolamine, or TEA is a viscous, colourless/pale yellow liquid with a weak ammoniacal odour. Triethanolamine is incompatible with copper, copper alloys, galvanised iron, acids, and oxidisers.
Triethanolamine is a tertiary amino compound that is ammonia in which each of the hydrogens is substituted by a 2-hydroxyethyl group. TEA is a colorless oily liquid with the smell of ammonia. It is hygroscopic with an irritant and ammoniacal odor. It is easy to absorb water and will turn into brown color when being exposed to the air and the light.
At low temperature, it will become colorless or pale yellow cubic crystal. It is miscible with water, methanol and acetone. It is soluble in benzene, ether, slightly soluble in carbon tetrachloride, n-heptane. It is a kind of strong alkaline, combining with protons, can be used for condensation reaction.
Triethanolamine (TEA) belongs to the category of the ethanolamines and is used primarily in following application:
- manufacture of fabric softeners,
- manufacture of tensides for liquid detergents and cleaning agents, dispersants and agrochemicals,
- used in a mixture with Diethanolamine (DEA) and/or water as a grinding aid in cement manufacturing,
- an emulsifier in many cosmetic and medical products,
- textile finishing,
- printing and photographic industry.
Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Liver and kidney damage have been demonstrated in animals from chronic exposure. A human and experimental skin irritant. An eye irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. Combustible liquid when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx and CN-.
Triethanolamine is used primarily as an emulsifying agent in a variety of topical pharmaceutical preparations. Although generally regarded as a nontoxic material, triethanolamine may cause hypersensitivity or be irritant to the skin when present in formulated products.